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Animal Enterprise Protection Act of 1992.

Animal Enterprise Protection Act of 1992.
Public Law 102-346–Aug. 26, 1992
102nd Congress
An Act To protect animal enterprises.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the “Animal Enterprise Protection Act of 1992”.

SEC. 2. ANIMAL ENTERPRISE TERRORISM.

(a) IN GENERAL.–Title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 42 the following:

Ҥ 43. Animal enterprise terrorism

“(a) OFFENSE.–Whoever–
“(1) travels in interstate or foreign commerce, or uses or causes to be used the mail or any facility in interstate or foreign commerce, for the purpose of causing physical disruption to the functioning of an animal enterprise; and

“(2) intentionally causes physical disruption to the functioning of an animal enterprise by intentionally stealing, damaging, or causing the loss of, any property (including animals or records) used by the animal enterprise, and thereby causes economic damage exceeding $10,000 to that enterprise, or conspires to do so; shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.

“(b) AGGRAVATED OFFENSE.–

“(1) SERIOUS BODILY INJURY.– Whoever in the course of a violation of subsection (a) causes serious bodily injury to another individual shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.

“(2) DEATH.–Whoever in the course of a violation of subsection (a) causes the death of an individual shall be fined under this title and imprisoned for life or for any term of years.

“(c) RESTITUTION.– An order of restitution under section 3663 of this title with respect to a violation of this section may also include restitution–

“(1) for the reasonable cost of repeating any experimentation that was interrupted or invalidated as a result of the offense; and

“(2)) the loss of food production or farm income reasonably attributable to the offense.

“d) DEFINITIONS.– As used in this section–
“(1) the term ‘animal enterprise’ means–

“(A) a commercial or academic enterprise that uses animals for food or fiber production, agriculture, research, or testing;
“(B) a zoo, aquarium, circus, rodeo, or lawful competitive animal event; or
“(C) any fair or similar event intended to advance agricultural arts and sciences;

“(2) the term ‘physical disruption’ does not include any lawful disruption that results from lawful public, governmental, or animal enterprise employee reaction to the disclosure of information about an animal enterprise;

“(3) the term ‘economic damage’ means the replacement costs of lost or damaged property or records, the costs of repeating an interrupted or invalidated experiment, or the loss of profits; and

“(4) the term ‘serious bodily injury’ has the meaning given that term in section 1365 of this title.

“9e) NON-PREEMPTION.–Nothing in this section preempts any State law.”.

(b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.–The item relating to section 43 in table of sections at the beginning of chapter 3 of title, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

“43. Animal enterprise terrorism.”.

SEC. 3. STUDY OF EFFECT OF TERRORISM ON CERTAIN ANIMAL ENTERPRISES.

(a) STUDY.– The Attorney General and the Secretary of Agriculture shall jointly conduct a study on the extent and effects of domestic and international terrorism on enterprises using animals for food or fiber production, agriculture, research, or testing.

(b) SUBMISSION OF STUDY.– Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General and the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit a report that describes the results of the study conducted under subsection (a) together with any appropriate recommendations and legislation to the Congress.

Approved August 26, 1992.

………………………………………..

Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act of 2006
S3880.ENR – OFFICIAL TEXT

Copied from Thomas, Congress’s official bill tracking website.

S.3880.ENR

One Hundred Ninth Congress of the United States of America

AT THE SECOND SESSION

Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,

the third day of January, two thousand and six

An Act

To provide the Department of Justice the necessary authority to apprehend, prosecute, and convict individuals committing animal enterprise terror.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the `Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act’.
SEC. 2. INCLUSION OF ECONOMIC DISRUPTION TO ANIMAL ENTERPRISES AND THREATS OF DEATH AND SERIOUS BODILY INJURY TO ASSOCIATED PERSONS.

(a) In General- Section 43 of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
`Sec. 43. Force, violence, and threats involving animal enterprises

`(a) Offense- Whoever travels in interstate or foreign commerce, or uses or causes to be used the mail or any facility of interstate or foreign commerce

`(1) for the purpose of damaging or disrupting an animal enterprise; and

`(2) in connection with such purpose–

`(A) intentionally damages, disrupts, or causes the loss of any property (including animals or records) used by the animal enterprise, or any property of a person or entity having a connection to, relationship with, or transactions with the animal enterprise;

`(B) intentionally places a person in reasonable fear of the death of, or serious bodily injury to that person, a member of the immediate family (as defined in section 115) of that person, or a spouse or intimate partner of that person by a course of conduct involving threats, acts of vandalism, property damage, trespass, harassment, or intimidation; or

`(C) conspires or attempts to do so;

shall be punished as provided for in subsection (b).

`(b) Penalties-

`(1) ECONOMIC DAMAGE- Any person who, in the course of a violation of subsection (a) causes economic damage not exceeding $10,000 shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both.

`(2) SIGNIFICANT ECONOMIC DAMAGE OR ECONOMIC DISRUPTION- Any person who, in the course of a violation of subsection (a), causes economic damage or economic disruption exceeding $10,000 but not exceeding $100,000 shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.

`(3) MAJOR ECONOMIC DAMAGE OR ECONOMIC DISRUPTION- Any person who, in the course of a violation of subsection (a), causes economic damage or economic disruption exceeding $100,000 shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.

`(4) SIGNIFICANT BODILY INJURY OR THREATS- Any person who, in the course of a violation of subsection (a), causes significant bodily injury to another individual or intentionally instills in another the reasonable fear of death or serious bodily injury shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.

`(5) SERIOUS BODILY INJURY- Any person who, in the course of a violation of subsection (a), causes serious bodily injury to another individual shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both.

`(6) DEATH- Any person who, in the course of a violation of subsection (a), causes the death of an individual shall be fined under this title and shall be imprisoned for life or for any term of years.

`(7) CONSPIRACY AND ATTEMPT- Any person who conspires or attempts to commit an offense under subsection (a) shall be subject to the same penalties as those prescribed for the substantive offense.

`(c) Restitution- An order of restitution under section 3663 or 3663A of this title with respect to a violation of this section may also include restitution–

`(1) for the reasonable cost of repeating any experimentation that was interrupted or invalidated as a result of the offense;

`(2) the loss of food production or farm income reasonably attributable to the offense; and

`(3) for any other economic damage, including any losses or costs caused by economic disruption, resulting from the offense.

`(d) Definitions- As used in this section–

`(1) the term `animal enterprise’ means–

`(A) a commercial or academic enterprise that uses or sells animals or animal products for profit, food or fiber production, agriculture, research, or testing;

`(B) a zoo, aquarium, animal shelter, pet store, breeder, furrier, circus, or rodeo, or other lawful competitive animal event; or

`(C) any fair or similar event intended to advance agricultural arts and sciences;

`(2) the term `course of conduct’ means a pattern of conduct composed of 2 or more acts, evidencing a continuity of purpose;

`(3) the term `economic damage’ means the replacement costs of lost or damaged property or records, the costs of repeating an interrupted or invalidated experiment, or the loss of profits;

`(4) the term `economic disruption’–

`(A) means losses and increased costs that individually or collectively exceed $10,000, including losses and increased costs resulting from threats, acts or vandalism, property damage, trespass, harassment or intimidation taken against a person or entity on account of that person’s or entity’s connection to, relationship with, or transactions with the animal enterprise; and

`(B) does not include any lawful economic disruption that results from lawful public, governmental, or business reaction to the disclosure of information about an animal enterprise;

`(5) the term `serious bodily injury’ means–

`(A) injury posing a substantial risk of death;

`(B) extreme physical pain;

`(C) protracted and obvious disfigurement; or

`(D) protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty; and

`(6) the term `significant bodily injury’ means–

`(A) deep cuts and serious burns or abrasions;

`(B) short-term or nonobvious disfigurement;

`(C) fractured or dislocated bones, or torn members of the body;

`(D) significant physical pain;

`(E) illness;

`(F) short-term loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty; or

`(G) any other significant injury to the body.

`(e) Non-Preemption- Nothing in this section preempts any State law.’.

(b) Conforming Amendment- Section 2516(1)(c) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `section 43 (force, violence and threats involving animal enterprises),’ before `section 201 (bribery of public officials and witnesses)’.

Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Vice President of the United States and
President of the Senate.

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